Thursday, 21 August 2014

Breaking News - the Kiwi sausage sizzle is almost legal

Hang on, you're telling me it's illegal?


Well......yes. According to the Food Act 1981 it is.


Incredibly, simple activities like fundraising sausage sizzles and cake stalls at school fairs need to comply with the Food Hygiene Regulations (1974) under the Food Act (1981). This means the poor old PTA and Sport's Club needs to have the same systems and processes in place as large business operations like retail food outlets and food processors.

Luckily the authorities recognise the inflexibility of the situation and generally turn a blind eye, otherwise we'd be paying about $20.00 for a sausage outside Bunnings. 

When the new Food Act 2014 finally comes into force there will be a clear exemption for these Kiwi traditions with the only rule being that the food sold must be safe. Viva le sausage and banana cake!

OK, so what's this got to do with pest control?

Well, a formal Pest Control Program will be an essential requirement under the Food Act 2014 if you are classed as high risk. That's;
  • You prepare and/or sell meals (retail food).
  • You process food and/or sell raw meat or seafood (food processors).
If you fall into a high risk category, you've got a significant work to do to meet the new requirements under the revised act.
Businesses classed as high risk will operate under far more stringent requirements including having a documented Food Control Plan, including a formal Pest Control Program. How well you manage/operate this food plan will have a direct impact on your compliance costs. Businesses performing well will require less frequent checks, business that not managing food safety well will receive extra attention.

Information on the implementation of the new Food Act is available here.

The good news is the new act won't come into full force until 1 March 2016, so you have a good period of time to change processes to meet the new requirements. As mentioned these are significant but we can help simplify the process for you.

The commercial team at Bug King have done a good amount of research on the new act and the requirements of this, Pest Control in particular. If you need any advice on this or an audit of your current processes and their compliance under the new law, please contact the team to arrange a time to discuss and review.

The team at Bug King              0800 KING KING (54 64 54)                 www.bugking.co.nz


Wednesday, 18 June 2014

A Day in the Life

The fascinating adventures of a female house mouse


We're going to be seeing a lot of mice this winter. This article from Techletter provides an interesting insight into why.


As the day ends, our mouse, a 6-month old female, which in mouse years is late middle age, slowly wakes from her afternoon sleep and stretches in her nest. Her stretch wakes her five surviving young from a litter of six two weeks ago. She touches them and smells them, checking their condition.
Her young will soon be weaned, and they’ll be completely independent in another two weeks. They will have to be. Their mother is already pregnant with her next litter and has been since two days after their birth. In another week, she’ll have her next litter, and space will be at a premium. Besides, by the time they are two months old, her offspring will be having litters of their own.

By the time our mouse has lived out her life, a year if she’s lucky, and all of her children, grandchildren, great-grandchildren, and great-great grandchildren could have young in the same year! Theoretically, that could be 5,000 mice!

Our mouse squeezes through a hole no bigger than a quarter, escaping at last the wall void where she's waited most of the day. She freezes for a second or two. Any danger? Like all mice, she's near-sighted. Her dark, hyperthyroid eyes see little; but her quivering nostrils and fanlike ears tell her "all clear." She begins the first of many identical circuits of her territory that she'll make that evening. She darts from place to place, relying more on her "kinesthetic" sense...a subconscious recording of a series of muscle movements...than on her eyes, ears, and nose.


Turn right. Run twenty paces. Stop. Turn left. Run ten paces. Scramble up a pallet. Dart five paces to torn sack of wheat. Nibble. Turn left. One, two, three, climb up stacked boxes. Pause. Nibble on some spilled oatmeal. Turn right. Run eight paces. Put left whiskers on edge of case of oatmeal and run five paces.............Wait a minute! No case of oatmeal!
A box moved is a crisis for a mouse. Her universe has changed; life has become much more complicated. Our mouse immediately stops her normal activity. Over the next hour she slowly re-explores her territory, investigating every object, new or old. She re-establishes safe movement routes and reprograms her muscle memories so that she can once again dart from place to place.

Comfortable with her surroundings once again, our mouse resumes her territorial circuit and feeding routine. But she's not alone now. Working her territory she smells a male mouse. She searches. Spots him. Within 16cm, our mouse knows by smell that this is a stranger, not family. Hurling all 20 grams of herself at the invader, she drives him away with continuous violent attacks.
While not as aggressive as a male mouse, our female mouse is not the timid, colourless, "mousy" creature of cartoons. She is an aggressive protector of her territory and social status.

Our mouse's family group, an alpha male (the dominant male), another breeding female, twelve daughters and four sons...forms a "colony", that all members defend fiercely.

The territory of our mouse's family group, like most, is surprisingly small, extending from a nest site in the wall void, out through a gnawed hole to a food storage pallet, across two feet of floor to a few stacked food boxes, up onto a series of food storage shelves, into the wall through a pipe run, and back down to the nest site. As with most mice, ours travels mostly within 3m of her nest. Mice seldom establish territories that extend beyond 10m.

Our mouse family once included six other sons. As usual in mouse families, these six had been driven away by the dominant male as they matured and began to compete for mating rights. This natural dispersion of males into new nesting and feeding sites (niches), combined with fast population growth that overloads resources, are the reasons that mice spread so quickly through a building.

Back to our mouse. After successfully chasing away the stranger, she resumes her territorial circuit. She nibbles on different foods throughout the evening, usually eating 20 or more times, but eating very little at most stops. She does have a favourite feeding site where she eats more than usual; under a bottom shelf where grain and bird seed have spilled.

House mice are tough and adaptable. Smithsonian magazine once reported on a barrel of biscuits which had been sealed in Aberdeen, Scotland and opened in the Canadian Arctic l4-months later. Out popped a live mouse! Mice have been found at the bottom of English coal mines and 15,000 feet up in the Andes, in coastal deserts of South America and on an island near Antarctica, even nesting in meat lockers in temperatures 5-10 degrees below zero. There's nothing "mousy" about mice.

The team at Bug King              0800 KING KING (54 64 54)                 www.bugking.co.nz

Sunday, 16 March 2014

New Zealand's deadliest spider?

The legend that is the Daddy Long Legs.


And it is just that, an Urban Legend.


We've all heard the about of the Daddy Long Legs. Apparently they have the world's most potent venom but it's OK, they can't bite us because their fangs are to small.

This is something I believed before I became your friendly pest controller and did a little research.

I don't know where the legend started but the Daddy Long Legs (the correct name is actually the Cellar Spider) can prey on other spiders including venomous spiders. So the reasoning goes, if the Daddy Long Legs can kill venomous spiders capable of killing humans then it must be even deadlier but it can't bite us for some reason.

The actual reason they can prey on venomous spiders isn't the strength of their venom but more a combination of speed and their web spinning ability.

For a good example of this check out the following video of a Daddy Long Legs vs White-tail Spider;



The venom of the Daddy Long Legs has been tested and found to be not that potent, even against other insects and although their fangs are small (about 0.25mm) they can still bite us. The good news is, if this happens the worst effect you'll feel will probably be a mild short-lived burning sensation.

It might even pay to keep them around to help take care of any White-tails..........provided you can put up with all those ugly webs that is.

The team at Bug King              0800 KING KING (54 64 54)                 www.bugking.co.nz


Sunday, 5 January 2014

They sure look like ants.

But ants don't have wings, do they?


If not what are these dead bugs all over my windowsill?


I have white-footed house ants living in the wall of my home. They very rarely come inside and they're not going to damage the structure of the house, so I leave them alone and use them as a good opportunity to observe their habits. This help's me to understand their seasonal behaviour and changing diet.

This week I noticed the following;

This is a group of winged white-footed house ant. They're gathered in a cluster just above the hole they use to get into the wall of the house.

They were there for about 90 mins and then they disappeared.

So what are they doing?

This is typical ant behaviour for this time of the year. The the original colony is in the process of forming a new nest. The majority of these ants are winged males but there will be a winged queen that they are attending to.

The queen will fly away to start a new colony. Once she's found a good location the males will swarm around the entrance to the nest and fertilise the Queen. Once fertilised she'll build the nest and start to lay her eggs and the poor old males will die.

This can lead to a significant build-up of dead ants lying around the windowsill/car/deck/roof. 

Sound familiar? These are the dead males and yes they do have wings.

If you have a well established ant colony in your home this is something you'll notice on an annual basis. If you need to eradicate the nests in your home to get rid off these annoying pests please get the Bug King team in to do a professional treatment.

We hope this helps and as always, please feel free to give the team a call for advice or to help diagnose the problem and recommend appropriate treatments.

The team at Bug King              0800 KING KING (54 64 54)                 www.bugking.co.nz